History of Father’s Day


No matter how you choose to celebrate Father’s Day, you can thank a woman named Sonora Louise Smart Dodd for the tradition. Father’s Day history begins with this resident of Spokane, Washington. She was the oldest of six children who were raised by their father, Civil War veteran William Jackson Smart, after their mother died during childbirth. Listening to a Mother’s Day sermon in 1909, Sonora made up her mind to establish a day to honor fathers.

With support from the Spokane Ministerial Association and the YMCA, the first Father’s Day was celebrated in Spokane on June 19, 1910 — a couple of weeks after Sonora’s father’s birthday. On that day, young members of the YMCA went to church wearing roses: a red rose to honor a living father, and a white rose to honor a deceased one.

Although the holiday continued to be celebrated, it would be another 62 years before it was officially recognized. Father’s Day history was bumpy, with some people resisting the idea, making fun of it, or fearing that it would become too commercialized. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge recommended that the third Sunday in June be set aside for a national holiday. President Lyndon Johnson signed a similar proclamation in 1966, but Father’s Day become an official national holiday until President Richard Nixon’s proclamation in 1972. Sonora Dodd, the driving force behind the holiday, died March 22, 1978.

Father’s Day is now celebrated in every part of the world. In the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and many other countries, it falls on the third Sunday in June. Now that you know more about Father’s Day, you might want to check out our handy list of Father’s Day dates.

Reference: http://familyfun.go.com/fathers-day/about-fathers-day-898938/

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Ohio Child Visitation Laws


A divorce takes an emotional toll on husband, wife and children. Kids thrive on stability and comfort. Children may feel that they’d rather be with their mother and each other, rather than with the father. Or, they may feel that the mother was abusive, and the father is a good parent. Courts in the Buckeye State use Ohio’s Child Custody and Visitation Statute (Section §3109.04). The information here is a summary based on this statute (see Resources).

Ohio Child Visitation Laws

The Ohio Visitation Law allows for the parent that doesn’t have custody of the kids to be able to visit them. The court decides what time the visitation occurs, what frequency it happens and under what conditions the visitation can happen. Ideally, the law strives for the parent not living with the child to be able to visit the child as often as possible. If visitation doesn’t benefit the children, the court would prohibit the non-resident parent from visiting.

Relationship and Scheduling

The court considers how well the children interacted with the other members of the family. It also considers relationships; for example, if the child was a stepchild, the court might not grant visitation rights. The court also considers the home location for each parent and how far those homes are from each other. Both parent’s employment schedules are matched to the children’s school schedules to find out who will have more time for the kids.

Child’s Welfare

The child’s age is considered as well as the home the child feels more comfortable living in. Another factor that any court in Ohio will consider is how much time the child will be able to spend with brothers and sisters. The court will put heavy emphasis on the child’s wishes.

Parent’s Background

The Ohio court will check both parents’ criminal background to see if they entered a guilty plea or were convicted for abuse or neglect. If one of the parents was previously divorced and had custody of the kids, the court will look at whether they respected the court’s decision or not. The court will also look at both parent’s plans and see if either one of them intends to leave Ohio.

Visitation Rights in Conjunction with the Overall Divorce

Even if a parent has visitation rights, that parent doesn’t always have to exercise it. If the parent living with the child refuses the other parent’s rights to visit the child, then the court could hold them in contempt of court. The non-resident parent can’t withhold spousal or child support funding if the resident parent refuses visitation.

Changing a Visitation Order

Sometimes, the circumstances between one or both of the parents changes. A child may outgrow his mother and may need the father’s stronger hand and guidance. The mother’s job responsibility could have increased and she needs the father to spend more time with the children to cover her absences. If both parents could show the court that conditions have changed and that it’s in the child’s best interest for visitation to increase, the Ohio court could change the visitation order.

Reference: http://www.ehow.com/about_4744949_ohio-child-visitation-laws.html

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The Terrible Truth About Child Protective Services and Organized Crime Management in Government


“Beginning about 1973, criminal elements in the mental health and social work professions began cooperating to construct an organized criminal enterprise that exploits children behind the legislated secrecy of the child protection, juvenile justice, and mental health systems.”

The contemporary end result is a nationwide organized criminal operation that uses everything from sophisticated science-fraud-based “evaluation” instruments structured to produce false positives to third party state service contracts written to sustain a system of structural corruption in which state employees and contract service providers must falsify records and testimony or they will not continue to be employed or paid.

To maintain their existence, organized criminal operations must construct management bureaucracies with policies and procedures necessary to sustain daily operations, just like any other bureaucracy. The only adaptation required to run criminal operations in the government and quasi-government agencies which constitute the child protection system is that they must be integrated into the policies and procedures of the umbrella agency and not be detected as components of a criminal bureaucracy.

The existence of organized crime in the child protection system of any given state is not that difficult to detect. Prominent among the indicators are:

(1) the annual number of founded child abuse allegations can be predicted from the number of conditional federal grant and reimbursement salary fund dollars needed to balance the state child protection agency payroll (the number of children taken into state custody each year will be the number sufficient to generate the federal fund claims necessary to balance the agency payroll); and

(2) third party contracts to file state child protection agency federal fund claims will contain provisions that only compensate the contractor for increases in federal funds paid to the state over and above the amount paid in the previous contract for such claim filing services. The latter creates a system that will only result in compensation to the contractor if the number of children taken into state custody constantly increases and/or the total claims generated from each child in state custody increases each contract cycle. The net result is a system in which everyone stays employed only if the number of founded child abuse cases and children taken into state custody always increases and never decreases. An important byproduct of this criminal process of exploiting children independent of the true child abuse rate is the blind political support for the criminal operations generated by the constant flow of conditional federal funds into the respective State’s economy.

There are similar lessons to be drawn from the embarrassment of the Bush Administration over numerous ignored warnings that Osama bin Laden planned to hijack planes and fly them into buildings and the embarrassment of Florida Officials having to explain fifteen months of falsified child protection records, sworn court testimony that Rilya Wilson was in Florida State custody and doing fine, and falsified federal fund claims for services delivered to a child that may have been dead the entire time.

After the collapse of the World Trade Center, both the American Public and terrorists worldwide now know the United States is vulnerable to attack, due in large part to corruption, incompetence and mismanagement in intelligence and law enforcement agencies. After the Rilya Wilson case in Florida, the Public and every child molester, pornographer and other criminal who need children for their misdeeds know that the corruption, incompetence and mismanagement in the child protection system can be exploited as cover to acquire children for their own illicit purposes.

What happened to Rilya Wilson in Florida can happen in any state where the current organized criminal exploitation of children is allowed to continue. Sooner or later other criminals, including child molesters and child pornographers, are going to become sufficiently aware of the mechanisms the current organized criminals are using to manage their criminal bureaucracy that they will also be able to exploit the system, as were the people who reportedly kidnapped Rilya Wilson and returned a week later to collect her clothes. Among the obvious possibilities is obtaining information about the criminal activity (falsifying federal claims, official reports, insurance claims, etc.) of individual state employees or licensed professionals, like psychiatrists and psychologist, and blackmailing them to allow access to children for criminal exploitation or perversion.

Austin, Texas DHS Supervisor committed suicide after allegedly being caught running a foster child prostitution ring from his office computer. In a recent Arkansas Legislative Session, a bill drafted by Arkansas Department of Human Services employees was discovered to contain provisions that would have required employees to lie about records and facts, even if subpoenaed. The bill was withdrawn once the Legislator duped into being the primary sponsor was made aware of its contents. In a June 6, 2002, opinion, the Arkansas Supreme Court ruled that an infant Arkansas citizen had been illegally transferred to Florida State custody in what was essentially an interstate criminal conspiracy to seize and transport children in complete disregard of State and Federal law. (See Arkansas Department of Human Services v Cox, Supreme Court of Arkansas No. 01-1021, 349ark, issue 3, sc 9, 6 June 2002 http://courts.state.ar.us/opinions/2002a/20020606/01-1021.wpd)

The important point being that these child protection system criminals will be pushing the envelop on what they can get away with, as in these examples, and sometimes that envelop will rupture, as in the Rilya Wilson case, exposing not only the criminals but government officials and private citizens who were indirectly benefiting from the criminal activity. The important question being how sophisticated, brutal and embarrassing will organized crime in the child protection system be allowed to become before it is addressed.

The recent horror story of a fifteen-month delay in Florida officials discovering that foster child Rilya Wilson had apparently been kidnapped by persons knowledgeable of the inner workings of the child protection system was due to the systematic falsification of child protection system records. This falsification of child protection system records is part of a national pattern of organized crime. It is not an isolated incident. In the Rilya Wilson case, even the Foster Mother continued to receive and accept payments for the care of Rilya over a year after the child disappeared. Caseworkers reportedly told her to take the money.

Reference: http://www.abusedswan.com/child_protective_services

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Importance of Family


Take a pause for a few seconds and ask yourself, “Why do you work so hard?”. What motivates you to do so, day after day? Most of the readers may utter a single word to answer both the question, “Family” and may lecture me on the importance of family and family relationships. But, what is a family? All of us inherit our physical attributes from our parents. However, when you start interacting with the outside world, you realize that they are not enough to ensure your success, not even your survival. When you find yourself in such a situation, what is it that sustains and supports you. The values which were passed to you by your family make your survival and growth possible. The values such as patience, care, understanding and commitment etc. instilled in you, differentiates you from the rest. If you are already a successful person, then it only underlies the importance of family and the values inherited by you.

Importance of Family
It is not difficult to uncover the importance of family. You may or may not be aware, but your family was the first school you entered, as soon as you arrived in this merciless and cruel world. “Survival of the fittest”, is the golden rule in this world. In other words, ‘Let the unfit perish’, is the motto. When you stepped into this world, you were unfit to survive on your own and by the rule a perishable entity. However, your arrival made your family happy and they took you home and from day one, you started learning about love, care and family relationship. Your parents didn’t change your wet nappies only to stop you wailing, but because you were uncomfortable with it. I think, this one single example is enough to convince you of the importance of family. If you are not, then let me know, I have an endless list of examples which I could draw on and on.

Family Relationship
Your family is the environment where you learned to use your faculties and understand and cope with the physical world. It is a time when you didn’t bother with trivial things, such as the family relationship, because you knew you are the kingpin of your family. It is the place, where you learned how family relationships work, by observing your parents, grandparents, your siblings and rest of the family members deal with each other. You must have enjoyed meeting them on family vacations and family reunions and exchanging family reunion gifts with them.

With the passage of time, you matured and started taking note of other people on the fringe of your family and then of those, outside your family and how your family members interacted with them. It is this point in your life, when you learnt, what is meant by a healthy relationships and how to make a relationship last. You also noticed, how your family coped and adjusted with the ups and downs of life and time. Do you remember, whether your family exposed you to these difficult times or were you cocooned in the safety of your family totally, unaware of them.

Importance of Family: Identity
What you learned from your family becomes your value system and forms your perceptions and basis of actions. An individual is known by his or her actions. It is your family that gave you an identity. Whenever you move from one place to another, you carry your family history with you. Have you ever noticed that your opinions always confirmed to the values you acquired from your family or delved deep inside them to find the seeds of thoughts that lies at their bottom? Who planted these thoughts? What gives you courage, when you are riding the wave of fortune at its deepest trough with its crest hanging over your head like a sword.

Every individual, barring few unfortunates, are similar to the earth enveloped by its environment, which acts as a protective layer and keeps the empty space out. The earth is populated and fertile because of it. For an individual, the importance of family is incalculable.

Reference: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/importance-of-family.html

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Marital Expectations


Consider that there is currently a 50 % divorce rate. Does it mean that marriage basically doesn’t work any more? Does it mean that people don’t need marriage any more? I think that people have unrealistic expectations from marriage. There is a strongly shared myth that by the very act of getting a spouse, one is guaranteed certain automatic benefits. We expect our spouses to fill all of the missing pieces and holes of emptiness that we have accumulated prior to the wedding ceremony.

Marriage is an arrangement that seems to promise the most benefits, but actually delivers the least. Coming up through life as kids under the parenting of what turned out to be imperfect parents, we all accumulate tremendous collections of hurts and injustices. These hurts and emotional debts are rarely presented to our parents for reparation. This is a reality of the family loyalty system! But they sit inside. They don’t just evaporate as years go by. They sit and wait! Meanwhile on the other side of town, there is our intended spouse in their youth piling up their emotional stockpile of ungrieved hurts. Then comes matrimony, and finally the first chance to demand payment for our backlog of hurts. After the wedding, all the dreamy glitter of expectations begin to sift down to reality. For every single spouse, there is that day of reckoning when we clearly realize that inevitable reality. Husbands never turn out to be existential Lone Rangers galloping into and fixing that big hole of emptiness. Wives never quite develop the magic healing bracelets of understanding and acceptance of Wonder Woman the spouse of unconditional love.

It is a bitter but potentially healing pill to swallow when we begin to see our wonderful but imperfect spouses with the light of reality. If you left the jelly doughnut factory and discovered that they neglected to fill you, guess what? It’s not your spouse’s fault. It’s not their job to fill you up. And let’s take this a step further. If your spouse gives you a hurt that measures 3.2 on the hurt scale, and it’s in an area of hurt where you have stored up 6,987.7 units of unresolved hurt, somehow you have to find a way to separate this all out without hitting your spouse with 6,989.9 of payback and grief. Oh sure, in the short run it can feel quite righteous to bury one’s spouse with a blast of anger. The result, is that we drive them away and can end up with a deeper, self created feeling of emptiness for which we are ultimately accountable.

In a world that is changing and often quite frustrating, a spouse gives the richest benefits. A spouse can be a strong anchor in times of fear and confusion. The task that must be mastered, is to be able to stop seeing our spouses as adversaries. It is essential that husbands and wives learn to accept their own shortcomings as well as their mate’s. It’s not our spouses that are wrong. It is our expectations of them. It’s a big relief of the strain on a marriage when husband and wife go beyond over focusing on their differences and begin to acknowledge their shared similarity of broken dreams and potential.

Reference: Marital Expectations 1999 Retrieved March 11, 2010, from Help For Men http://www.helpformen.com/articles/article-3.html

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Assertive Bill of Rights


HAVE THE RIGHT…

TO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR MY OWN LIFE
TO ACCEPT AND RESPECT MYSELF AND OTHERS
TO FEEL HAPPY, SATISFIED, AND TO ALLOW INNER PEACE
TO TAKE GOOD CARE OF MY WHOLE BEING; MY BODY, MY MIND, AND MY SPIRIT
TO BE IMPERFECT
TO BE AWARE OF AND FULFILL MY OWN NEEDS
TO HAVE DREAMS, GOALS, AND IDEALS AND TO MAKE THEM HAPPEN
TO HAVE AND EXPRESS ALL MY EMOTIONS
TO TELL OTHERS HOW I WANT TO BE TREATED
TO ALLOW PEOPLE TO HELP ME WITHOUT FEELING GUILTY, UNWORTHY, OR DEPENDENT
TO SET MY OWN PRIORITIES ABOUT MY USE OF TIME, MONEY, SPACE, AND ENERGY
TO GET WHAT I PAY FOR
TO HAVE HEALTHY. LIFE-ENHANCING RELATIONSHIPS. WHERE CLEAR COMMUNICATION IS VALUED
TO MAKE CONSCIOUS DECISIONS TO CHANGE RELATIONSHIPS
TO CHANGE, EMERGE, EXPAND IN NEW DIRECTIONS
TO HAVE MY OWN BELIEFS. IDEAS. VALUES WITHOUT APOLOGY TO ANYONE
TO LIVE IN THE PRESENT MOMENT. FREE OF GUILT FOR THE PAST AND WORRY FOR THE FUTURE
TO RELAX, TO LET GO, TO “DO” NOTHING

Reference: ASSERTIVE BILL OF RIGHTS 1999 Retrieved March 11, 2010, from Help For Men http://www.helpformen.com/articles/article-12.html

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What is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?


Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSP), a type of factitious disorder, is a mental illness in which a person acts as if an individual he or she is caring for has a physical or mental illness when the person is not really sick. The adult perpetrator has MSP and directly produces or lies about illness in another person under his or her care, usually a child under 6 years of age. It is considered a form of abuse by the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. However, cases have been reported of adult victims. (The term “by proxy” means “through a substitute.”)

People with MSP have an inner need for the other person (often his or her child) to be seen as ill or injured. It is not done to achieve a concrete benefit, such as financial gain. People with MSP are even willing to have the child or patient undergo painful or risky tests and operations in order to get the sympathy and special attention given to people who are truly ill and their families. Factitious disorders are considered mental illnesses because they are associated with severe emotional difficulties.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (Text Revision DSMIV-TR), which is the standard reference book for recognized mental illnesses in the United States, organizes factitious disorders into four main types: those with mainly psychological symptoms; those with mainly physical symptoms; those with both physical and psychological symptoms; and those that do not match the conditions for the other three types. MSP falls into the fourth category. Fortunately, it is rare (2 out of 100,000 children).

MSP most often occurs with mothers—although it can occur with fathers—who intentionally harm or describe non-existent symptoms in their children to get the attention given to the family of someone who is sick. A person with MSP uses the many hospitalizations as a way to earn praise from others for her devotion to the child’s care, often using the sick child as a means for developing a relationship with the doctor or other health care provider. The adult with MSP often will not leave the bedside and will discuss in medical detail symptoms and care provided as evidence that he or she is a good caretaker. If the symptoms go away in the hospital, they are likely to return when the caretaker with MSP is alone with the child or elderly parent.

People with MSP might create or exaggerate the child’s symptoms in several ways. They might simply lie about symptoms, alter diagnostic tests (such as contaminating a urine sample), falsify medical records, or induce symptoms through various means, such as poisoning, suffocating, starving, and causing infection. The presenting problem may also be psychiatric or behavioral.

What are the symptoms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
Certain characteristics are common in a person with MSP:

Often is a parent, usually a mother, but can be the adult child of an elderly patient
Might be a health care professional
Is very friendly and cooperative with the health care providers
Appears quite concerned (some might seem overly concerned) about the child or designated patient
Might also suffer from Munchausen syndrome (This is a related disorder in which the caregiver repeatedly acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she has caused the symptoms.)
Other possible warning signs of MSP in children include the following:

The child has a history of many hospitalizations, often with a strange set of symptoms.
Worsening of the child’s symptoms generally is reported by the mother and is not witnessed by the hospital staff.
The child’s reported condition and symptoms do not agree with the results of diagnostic tests.
There might be more than one unusual illness or death of children in the family.
The child’s condition improves in the hospital, but symptoms recur when the child returns home.
Blood in lab samples might not match the blood of the child.
There might be signs of chemicals in the child’s blood, stool, or urine.
What causes Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
The exact cause of MSP is not known, but researchers believe both biological and psychological factors play a role in the development of this disorder. Some theories suggest that a history of abuse or neglect as a child or the early loss of a parent might be factors in its development. Some evidence suggests that major stress, such as marital problems, can trigger an MSP episode.

How common is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
There are no reliable statistics regarding the number of people in the United States who suffer from MSP, and it is difficult to assess how common the disorder is because many cases go undetected. However, estimates suggest that about 1,000 of the 2.5 million cases of child abuse reported annually are related to MSP.

In general, MSP occurs more often in women than in men.

How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy diagnosed?
Diagnosing MSP is very difficult because of the dishonesty that is involved. Doctors must rule out any possible physical illness as the cause of the child’s symptoms, and often use a variety of diagnostic tests and procedures before considering a diagnosis of MSP.

If a physical cause of the symptoms is not found, a thorough review of the child’s medical history, as well as a review of the family history and the mother’s medical history (many have Munchausen syndrome themselves) might provide clues to suggest MSP. Often, the individual with MSP may have other comorbid psychiatric disorders. Remember, it is the adult, not the child, who is diagnosed with MSP. Indeed, the most important or helpful part of the workup is likely to be the review of all old records that can be obtained. Too often, this time-consuming but critical task is forgotten and the diagnosis is missed.

How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy treated?
The first concern in cases of MSP is to ensure the safety and protection of any real or potential victims. This might require that the child be placed in the care of another. In fact, managing a case involving MSP often requires a team that includes social workers, foster care organizations, and law enforcement, as well as the health care providers.

Successful treatment of people with MSP is difficult because those with the disorder often deny there is a problem. In addition, treatment success is dependent on the person telling the truth, and people with MSP tend to be such accomplished liars that they begin to have trouble telling fact from fiction.

Psychotherapy (a type of counseling) generally focuses on changing the thinking and behavior of the individual with the disorder (cognitive-behavioral therapy). The goal of therapy for MSP is to help the person identify the thoughts and feelings that are contributing to the behavior, and to learn to form relationships that are not associated with being ill.

What are the complications of Munchausen syndrome by proxy ?
This disorder can lead to serious short- and long-term complications, including continued abuse, multiple hospitalizations, and the death of the victim. (Research suggests that the death rate for victims of MSP is about 10 percent.) In some cases, a child victim of MSP learns to associate getting attention to being sick and develops Munchausen syndrome himself or herself. Considered a form of child abuse, MSP is a criminal offense.

What is the prognosis (outlook) for people with Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
In generally, MSP is a very difficult disorder to treat and often requires years of therapy and support. Social services, law enforcement, children’s protective services, and physicians must function as a team to stop the behavior.

Can Munchausen syndrome by proxy be prevented?
There is no known way to prevent this disorder. However, it might be helpful to begin treatment in people as soon as they begin to have symptoms. Removing the child or other victim from the care of the person with MSP can prevent further harm to the victim.

Reference: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/factitious_disorders/hic_munchausen_synd…

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